Thin film pressure sensors are highly sensitive, cost-effective, simple in structure, and widely applicable for pressure measurement. Comprised of multiple layers, including electrodes, an insulating layer, and a sensitive layer, these sensors generate electrical signals when subjected to pressure, enabling pressure detection. This article focuses on a thin film pressure sensor with 16 measurement points, exploring its structure, working principle, advantages, and applications.

1. Structure and Working Principle

The core component of the 16-point thin film pressure sensor is a matrix of multiple sensing units arranged in a specific pattern on the film, forming a 4×4 matrix. Each sensing unit includes two conductive electrodes with a pressure-sensitive material sandwiched between them. When external pressure is applied to the sensor’s surface, the resistance of the pressure-sensitive material changes, and this change is converted into an electrical signal through the electrodes.

The working principle is as follows:

  1. Piezoelectric Effect: The resistance of the pressure-sensitive material changes under force. Common pressure-sensitive materials include conductive polymers and carbon nanotube composites.
  2. Signal Acquisition: The electrode array converts the resistance changes of the sensing units into electrical signals.
  3. Data Processing: Signal processing circuits or microcontrollers process and analyze the collected electrical signals to determine the pressure values at each measurement point.

2. Advantages

  1. High Sensitivity: Thin film pressure sensors can detect minimal pressure changes, suitable for precise measurements.
  2. Multi-point Detection: The 16-point design allows the sensor to monitor the pressure distribution at multiple locations simultaneously, providing detailed pressure information.
  3. Simple Structure: The manufacturing process of thin film sensors is relatively simple, enabling large-scale production and low cost.
  4. Good Flexibility: The film material has a certain degree of flexibility, allowing it to adhere to various irregular surfaces, adapting to different application scenarios.
  5. Fast Response: The sensor responds quickly to pressure changes, suitable for dynamic measurements.

3. Applications

16-point thin film pressure sensors have widespread applications in various fields:

  1. Medical Field: Used to monitor the pressure distribution of a patient’s body position, preventing bedsores; as pressure-sensing components in wearable devices for real-time monitoring of human health.
  2. Robotics: Integrated into robotic fingers or tactile sensors to enhance the robot’s perception of the external environment.
  3. Industrial Automation: Used to detect the pressure distribution in industrial equipment, ensuring safe operation.
  4. Smart Home: Installed in smart mattresses, chairs, and other home products to monitor the pressure distribution, enhancing user comfort.

4. Future Development

With advancements in materials science, microelectronics, and flexible electronics, thin film pressure sensors will further develop in the following areas:

  1. Material Innovation: Developing new pressure-sensitive materials will improve the sensor’s sensitivity, stability, and durability.
  2. Integration: Integrating sensors with data processing circuits to form intelligent sensing systems, improving data processing efficiency and system integration.
  3. Miniaturization: Advances in micro-manufacturing technology will push sensors towards smaller sizes and higher precision, meeting the needs of more refined measurements.
  4. Wireless Transmission: Combining with wireless transmission technology to achieve real-time remote monitoring and control of pressure data, expanding application scenarios.

In conclusion, the 16-point thin film pressure sensor, as a multifunctional and efficient pressure detection tool, has broad development prospects. Through continuous technological innovation and application exploration, this sensor will play a crucial role in more fields, promoting the intelligent and refined development of various industries.